Geographical Indications and Farmers’ Welfare Role of State in Strengthening Governance

N. Lalitha, Soumya Vinayan


One of the strategies suggested for doubling farmers’ income is a diversification towards high value crops like horticulture and spices, sugarcane etc. Under the geographical indication (GI) system of protection in India, a number of fruits, vegetables, spices and flower varieties have been registered. Some of the products have export incidence as well. While opportunities like brand building, value addition and export potential present in a number of horticultural crops, there exist issues of concern too. Some of the unique GI protected varieties encounter threats from natural, climatic factors and human practices and the area of production under these crops have witnessed reduction. Governance in the form of code of practices for different crops and technical guidance to adopt such practices could be imparted under programmes like ‘My Village My Pride’ to the different farmer producer organisations. Public sector involvement in providing guidance to adopt product standards and value addition at the place of origin would significantly help in increasing farmers’ income.

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