Surveillance and Democracy in India: Analysing Challenges to Constitutionalism and Rule of Law

P. Arun


Advancements in digital and communication technologies have brought about changes in the nature of surveillance and this in turn has impacted functioning of democracy. Additionally, surveillance is regarded as a grand narrative, accreted as a cultural entity to reduce fear, insecurity, misgovernance, corruption, and provide access to speedy public service delivery and welfare. In this scenario, in order to exercise democratic rights, people need to interlace themselves with surveillance. However, the construction of such a narative conceals the potential corrosive effect of mass surveillance. This paper aims to explore the changes made in the domain of surveillance to face existential challenges and followed by counter effects of deploying sovereign power on democracy, constitutionalism and rule of law. Further, it will examine the significant changes occurring in legal measures and digital technological mechanisms of surveillance in India.

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